Glossary of Ophthalmic Terminology

 

AC

   Anterior chamber

APD

   Afferent pupillary defect

ARMD

   Age-Related Macular Degeneration

BDR

   Background diabetic retinopathy (outdated term)

C1%

   Cyclogyl (Cyclopentolate)1%

CE

   Cataract Extraction

C/S

   Conjunctiva and sclera

CF

   Count fingers visual acuity

Conf VF

   Confrontation visual field

CSME

   Clinically significant macular edema

CWS

   Cotton-wool spots (= 'soft’ exudates)

D/M/V/P

   Disc, macula, vessels and periphery of fundus

D & Q

   Deep and quiet anterior chamber

DR

   Diabetic retinopathy

ERM

   Epiretinal membrane

ETDR

   Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study

FA

   Fluorescein Angiography

GVF, HVF

   Goldmann or Humphrey Visual Field

HM

   Hand motion visual acuity

I/L

   Iris and lens

IOL

   Intraocular lens implant

IOP

   Intraocular pressure (in mm Hg)

IRMA

   intraretinal microvascular abnormality

J

   Jaeger near card acuity level

L/F

   Lids and fornices

LP

   Light perception visual acuity

M 1%

   Mydriacyl 1%

MA

   Microaneurysm

Mfst

   Manifest (best corrected) acuity

N

   Near visual acuity

NLP

   No light perception visual acuity

NPDR

   Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy

NS

   Nuclear sclerotic cataract

NV

   Neovascularization

NVD

   Neovascularization on or near optic disc

NVE

   Neovascularization not located at optic disc

NVI

   Neovascularization of iris (= Rubeosis Iridis)

OCT

   Optical Coherence Tomography

OD

   Right eye

OS

   Left eye

OU

   Both eyes

PCO

   Posterior capsular opacification (after cataract extraction)

PDR

   Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

PE 2.5%

   Phenylephrine 2.5%

PI

   Peripheral Iridotomy/Iridectomy

POAG

   Progressive open angle glaucoma

PRP

   panretinal photocoagulation (fundus laser treatment)

PSC

   Posterior Subcapsular Cataract

PVR

   Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy

RD

   Retinal Detachment

T

   Tonometry (IOP Reading)

V or VA

   Visual Acuity (Distance)

VF

   Visual Field (Goldmann, Humphrey, or Confrontation)

VH

   Vitreous hemorrhage